Prostatitis is usually called an inflammatory process that develops in the prostate gland in men. The disease has unpleasant symptoms and is fraught with the development of complications, one of which is infertility. So what is prostatitis and how dangerous is the disease for the health of the male genitourinary system? With these questions, it is recommended to contact a urologist. This doctor will tell you exactly why prostatitis occurs, the type of prostatitis disease and how to treat it properly.
Lack of timely medical treatment causes the transition of inflammation into a chronic form. With symptoms of prostate disease, treatment should be started without delay. Otherwise, the infection can lead to dangerous consequences, including tissue hyperplasia. Since it is very difficult to cure acute prostatitis on your own, immediately contact a urologist. With an unfavorable course, the disease causes inflammation of the testicles, appendages, kidney structures.
Reasons for development
In modern men, damage to the prostate gland is not uncommon. It is diagnosed today as an independent disease and as one of the symptoms of urological disorders - urethritis, prostate adenoma, cancer, renal pathology.
The cause of prostatitis is usually associated with the action of infectious agents and predisposing factors. Inflammation is caused by staphylococci, E. coli, enterococci and other common pathogens. It is very important to determine the cause of the disease in prostate inflammation so that effective drug therapy can be selected.
At -risk groups
At risk are people with weakened immune systems, venereal diseases, genitourinary organ injuries, and urinary retention habits. Not all men know why prostatitis is dangerous, what it is and what factors can trigger the development of the disease. A trivial attitude towards one’s health often leads to a protracted inflammatory process. The educational work of urologists helps form a correct idea about diseases such as prostatitis and its possible consequences.
Urologists pay special attention to the possible causes of prostatitis: treatment will be more effective if the main predisposing factors are influenced. This will help significantly reduce the risk of periodic exacerbation of the inflammatory process.
Possible causes of prostate disease:
- exacerbation of kidney disease;
- genitourinary organ injury;
- increased radiation exposure to the body;
- spread of infection from other pelvic organs;
- violation of the normal rhythm of sexual activity;
- stay long in a sitting position;
- genital compression with tight underwear, pants and jeans;
- development of urological diseases, infections with sexually transmitted infections;
- chronic stress;
- general suppression of the immune system.
If you have prostatitis, the causes of the disease should be determined by a qualified specialist. First of all, you need to contact a urologist. He will conduct an examination and set a comprehensive examination.
Blood stasis as a major cause of prostatitis
Effective treatment of prostatitis at home is impossible without eliminating the factors that cause the process of stagnation in the pelvis. Violation of blood flow causes fat peroxidation, release of exudative fluid, the appearance of internal swelling of glandular tissue. This creates favorable conditions for the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. After knowing the possible causes of inflammation, you can understand how to cure prostatitis at home without the disease turning into a dangerous chronic form.
To understand how to treat prostatitis in certain men, it is necessary to carry out a diagnosis. Only then can you choose certain medications and techniques. Based on laboratory results and instrumental studies, a urologist can determine how to treat prostatitis for a man and how to prevent recurrence in the future.
The main diagnostic methods for prostate inflammation:
- determination of PSA levels in the blood;
- Ultrasound of the prostate;
- laboratory diagnostics of blood, urine;
- examination of the rectal glands;
- urodynamic studies (cystometry, profilometry, uroflowmetry).
Comprehensive diagnostics help to quickly choose an effective treatment for prostatitis at home, prescribing drugs aimed at destroying certain infectious agents.
PSA testing helps not only to detect cancerous processes in the gland, but also to monitor the effectiveness of treatment for diagnosed tumors and inflammation of the prostate gland. This method makes it possible to increase the effectiveness of therapy and reduce the risk of complications.
Therefore, PSA screening, although it is a rather controversial type of early diagnosis of prostate cancer, in most cases it allows you to start treatment on time, which is undoubtedly very important for someone with chronic inflammatory and hyperplastic processes.
In combination with other diagnostic methods that screen out false prostate examination results, PSA testing is a relatively high -quality way to prevent cancer and monitor ongoing therapy. If several positive results are repeated, prostate tissue is taken for further biological examination.
Symptoms of the disease
Prostatitis in men can have a variety of symptoms, depending on the stage of the disease. The acute form of the disease most often appears on the background of infection of the pelvic organs and runs smoothly, without symptoms of intoxication and fever. If signs of this prostatitis appear in men, you should immediately contact a urologist to begin timely therapy and avoid the development of complications.
Acute prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- frequent and painful urination;
- pain in the sacrum, genitals and perineum;
- increased pain syndrome during defecation, sexual intimacy;
- increased body temperature;
- there is a feeling of a full bladder and partial emptying (due to compression of the ureter by an inflamed prostate);
- intoxication intensifies, muscle and joint pain appear;
- urinary retention is possible.
If you have one or more signs of prostate inflammation, you should contact a specialist. Even if the state of health is satisfactory, the pathological process can continue with the symptoms erased, but at the same time cause complications.
The course of chronic prostatitis
The chronic inflammatory process can run almost without symptoms. Men may experience minor pain when urinating, mild lethargy, chronic fatigue syndrome and sexual dysfunction.
Men noted the following pathological signs (depending on the form and stage of the inflammatory process):
- pain during urination;
- partial or complete urinary retention;
- pain in sacrum, perineum;
- increased body temperature;
- severe weakness, impaired performance;
- painful bowel movements;
- decreased libido, impotence.
The deleted picture of the chronic form of the disease confuses patients and delays visits to urologists, and delays fraught with the development of complications: swelling of the prostate, acute urinary retention, prostate abscess, inflammation of the testicles and seminal vesicles. , which often leads to irreversible male infertility.
The clinical manifestations of prostate inflammation vary depending on the stage of the disease. If the process develops for the first time, then the patient feels severe malaise, pain in the pubis and perineum, complains of pain, frequent urination. Body temperature may rise and pus may be expelled from the urethra. In the absence of medical treatment, the pathological process can be complicated by sepsis, purulent abscess of the prostate gland, vesiculitis, inflammation of the testis and its appendages (epididymo-orchitis).
Treatment of prostatitis
Prostatitis is being treated at home. Hospitalization is indicated for purulent complications and severe intoxication syndrome. Specialists prescribe antibiotics (taking into account sensitivity), conduct anti-inflammatory therapy. After the acute process subsides, physiotherapy, prostate massage is prescribed.
Since it is possible to treat prostatitis at home only after consulting a doctor, no folk remedies and methods can be used without the permission of a urologist. Unconventional methods are especially dangerous in cases of severe disease. Treatment of prostatitis at home can lead to the pathological transition into a recurrent chronic form.
How to cure prostatitis with medications? Medication can be effective if it is chosen taking into account the nature of the disease. Infectious agents can be identified using laboratory tests. On how the prostate is treated, it is better to ask a urologist.
Of the drugs, the following groups of drugs are used:
The drug is prescribed in a course of 2-4 weeks. Good antibiotics with a broad spectrum of action help destroy infections in glandular tissue, preventing the spread of infection. Treatment of chronic prostatitis at home lasts up to 4-6 months. The inflammatory process that is launched is more difficult to cure and takes longer.
Physiotherapy is used mainly after the elimination of acute symptoms of the disease, when the man's health returns to normal, full urine outflow is restored. The goal of physiotherapy is to restore normal blood circulation. It is the deterioration of blood flow that contributes to the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.
Physiotherapy is especially recommended in the chronic course of the disease. Specialists prescribe laser treatments that have anti-inflammatory effects, stimulate local immunity, relieve pain and discomfort, and destroy microbes. Also, with prostatitis, ultrasonic and electromagnetic techniques are used. It is possible to prescribe medical microclysters with drugs that have therapeutic and healing effects.
How can prostatitis be treated with massage? This method is effective, but it is used a few weeks after the start of treatment, when the acute pain disappears, urination becomes normal. Massage should not be done by inexperienced people. This can cause serious harm to health.
This technique is based on a gentle effect on the prostate gland. Massage helps remove accumulated inflammatory secretions into the organ ducts, from where it enters the urethra and is completely removed painlessly and safely from the body. This method restores blood circulation in the pelvic organs, eliminating the prerequisites for further reproduction of infectious microorganisms. Prostate massage well overcomes the process of stagnation and increases the effectiveness of antibiotics and other drugs.
It is recommended to change lifestyle, avoid infection with venereal diseases, hypothermia, stressful situations. A man should take off tight underwear that squeezes the genitals and interferes with blood circulation in the pelvis. It is recommended to lead a regular sexual life, but be wary of the transmission of sexually transmitted infections through unprotected intimate contact.
A sharp violation of the diet can trigger a recurrence of inflammation of the prostate gland. Do not abuse spices, condiments, smoked meats and alcohol. It is also worth it to leave out strong coffee, overly salty dishes and marinades.
The effectiveness of folk methods
Many are interested and want to know how to treat prostatitis at home without the use of medications. But medications, especially antibiotics, are needed for prostate inflammation. Only with their help it is possible to cure prostatitis at home without infectious complications.
There is an opinion that if the disease causes hypothermia, then there is no need to take antibacterial drugs. Since most men need to treat prostatitis at home, they often reject antibiotics in favor of traditional medicine. But hypothermia or other seemingly harmless predisposing factors create prerequisites for the reproduction of Escherichia coli, staphylococci and other microorganisms.
Therefore, you should not try to learn about how to treat prostate at home in an unconfirmed way. This can be dangerous to a man’s life and reproductive health.